FM 5 “Understanding historical observations to study transient phenomena”

Vienna, Austria, 2018 Aug 20-22 (during the IAU GA)



Monday Aug 20 (FM 5 Day 1)

10:00h – 10:30h Coffee break

10:30h  Welcome (Ralph Neuhäuser,  5′)

10:35h – 12:00h Session: Understanding historical Observations to study Transients – Essentials

10:35h – 11:00h “What is Terra-Astronomy? An introduction
Ralph Neuhäuser (Universität Jena, GER), 20’+5′

11:00h -11:14h “Applying historical observations to study transient phenomena
Elisabeth Griffin (Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, Victoria, CAN), contribudet, 12`+2`

11:14-11:20h “Using Byurakan Plate Archive records for revelation of transient objects
Areg Mickaelian (Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO), Byurakan, ARM) & Gor Mikayelyan (Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory, Yerevan, ARM), contributed, 5’+1′

11:20h-11:30h “Changes in the Unchangeable: Simulation of Transient Astronomical Phenomena with Stellarium
Georg Zotti (ÖGAA/WAA, Vienna, AUT) & Alexander Wolf (Altai State Pedagogical University, Barnaul, RUS), contributed, 8’+2′

11:30h-12:00h “Ambiguity, Scope, and Significance: Difficulties in Interpreting Celestial Phenomena in Chinese Records
Jesse Chapman (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, USA), solicited, 25’+5′

12:00h-13:30h Lunch break

13:30h – 15:00h Session: Proxies from the Past to study Solar Activity Variations
(chair: M. Werner)

13:30h-13:50h “Revisiting the historical sunspot number back to 1610: latest progresses
Frédéric Clette (Royal Observatory of Belgium, Brussels, BEL) & Laure Lefèvre (Royal Observatory of Belgium, Brussels, BEL), contributed, 15’+5′

13:50h-14:15h “The solar observations during the Maunder minimum: recent advances
José Manuel Vaquero (Universidad de Extremadura, Mérida, ESP), solicited, 20’+5′

14:15h-14:30h “The Maunder minimum of solar activity as documented by historical sunspot observations
Rainer Arlt (Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam, Potsdam, GER), contributed, 12’+3′

14:30h-15:00h “Aurora catalogs revisited – with a focus on European records from the Early Modern Period
Dagmar L. Neuhäuser (independent scholar, GER), solicited, 25’+5′

15:00h -15:30h Coffee break

(16:30h Opening Ceremony IAU GA)

Tuesday Aug 21 (FM 5 Day 2)

10:00h-10:30h Coffee break

10:30h-11:25h Session: Studies of the Historical Carrington Event
(chair: F. Clette)

10:30h-10:35h Short Introduction by Chairman (F. Clette)

10:35h-10:45h “AI-generated magnetogram of the Carrington event in 1859 and the estimation of its Dst value
Harim Lee (School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Yongin-si, KOR) et al., contributed, 8’+2′

10:45h-10:55h “Scaling Historical Space Weather Events: Case Studies of Events in 1859 and 1770
Hisashi Hayakawa (Osaka University, Toyonaka, JPN) et al., contributed, 8’+2′

10:55h-11:05h “Great historical events of space weather from Spanish documents: a review
Maria Cruz Gallego (Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz, ESP) & José Manuel Vaquero (Universidad de Extremadura, Mérida, ESP), contributed, 8’+2′

11:05h-11:15h “Reconstructing the geomagnetic field from historical aurorae
Daniel Wagner (Astrophysikalisches Institut und Universitäts-Sternwarte, Jena, GER) et al., contributed, 8’+2′

11:15h-11:25h Discussion

11:25h-12:00h Session: Historical records to study Transients 
(chair:  V. Trimble)

11:25h-11:35h “Study of Sanskrit inscriptions of South East Asia as sources of records of celestial events
B.S. Shylaja (Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium, Bangalore, IND), contributed, 8’+2′

11:35h-12:00h “Transient astronomical phenomena in Australian Indigenous oral traditions: 65,000 years of oral History
Duane Hamacher (Monash University, Clayton, AUS), solicited, 20’+5′

12:00h-13:30h Lunch break

13:30h-15:00h Session: Historical records to study Transients  (cont’d)
(chair: V. Trimble)

13:30h-14:00h “Cuneiform Descriptions of Transient Phenomena
Hermann Hunger (Institut für Orientalistik, Universität Vienna, AUT), solicited, 25’+5′

14:00h-14:20h “An Extended Moonwatch in the Middle East in 860 CE for Determining Empirically a Critical Value for Lunar Crescent Visibility
Johannes Thomann (University of Zurich, Zurich, CHE), contributed, 15’+5′

14:20h-14:35h “First and last visibility of the lunar crescent
Rita Gautschy (Universität Basel, Basel, CHE), contributed, 12’+3′

14:35h-15:00h “Eclipses and the Earth’s Rotation
Richard Stephenson (Durham University, Durham, GBR) , Leslie Morrison (Royal Greenwich Observatory, Pevensey, GBR), Catherine Hohenkerk (HM Nautical Almanac Office, Taunton, GBR)  solicited, 20’+5′

15:00h-15:15h Coffee break

15:15h-16:30h Poster Session
(together with the other FMs and Symposia running in GA Week 1)

(16:30h First Business Meeting of the GA)

Wednesday Aug 22 (FM 5 Day 3)

10:00h-10:30h Coffee break

10:30h-12:00h Session: “Guest Star” Records to study Transient Phenomena (chair: E. Griffin)

10:30h-10:55h “I,II,III,IV,V – Types of Historical Supernovae and what You, I, and LIGO Might Have Seen
Virginia Trimble (University of California, Irvine, USA), solicited, 20’+5′

10:55h-11:15h “X-ray Ejecta Kinematics in the Remnants of Historical Supernovae 1604 and 1572
Sangwook Park (University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, USA) et al., contributed, 15’+5′

11:15h-11:35h “Galileo’s account of Kepler’s supernova (SN1604): a Copernican assessment
Matteo Cosci (University Ca’ Foscari Venice, Padova, ITA), contributed, 15’+5′

11:35h-12:00h “Historical Observations of Novae: Guest Stars to Glass Plates (and Beyond)
Ashley Pagnotta (College of Charleston, Charleston, SC, USA), solicited, 20’+5′

12:00h-13:30h Lunch break

13:30h-15:00h Session: “Guest Star” Records to study Transient Phenomena (cont’d)
(chair: R. Neuhäuser)

13:30h-13:55h “Historical Meteor outbursts and its parent comets
Sang-Hyeon Ahn (Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon, KOR), solicited, 20’+5′

13:55h-14:10h “What can say observations of comets about the solar wind at the Maunder Minimum?
Nadezhda Zolotova (Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, RUS) et al., contributed, 12’+3′

14:10h-14:25h “New orbits for perihelion passages of comet 1P/Halley in AD 760 and 837
Markus Mugrauer (Astrophysikalisches Institut und Universitäts-Sternwarte, Universität Jena, GER) et al., contributed, 12’+3′

14:25h-15:00h Final Words

14:25h-14:30h Short Summary (Ralph Neuhäuser, 5′)

14:30h-14:45h “Definition and epistemology of terra astronomy
Thomas Posch (University of Vienna, Vienna, AUT), solicited, 15′


15:00h-15:30h Coffee


Link to abstracts of talks

Link to abstracts of posters

Posters (alphabetical order)

  • Sang-Hyeon Ahn (Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon, Kor):
    Observability of Ancient Historical Solar Eclipses in East Asia
  • Christine Allen (Instituto de Astronomía, UNAM, Mexico City, Mex) et al.:
    The relevance of old measures for studies of the dynamical evolution of trapezium systems
  • Tünde Baranyi (Debrecen Obs, Hun) & Andras Ludmany (MTA Debrecen, Hun):
    Historical Hungarian sunspot drawings at the Debrecen Heliophysical Observatory
  • Tomoko Fujiwara (Japan Spaceguard Association, Ibara-shi, JPN) et al.:
    Detection of unknown objects in Bayer’s Uranometria
  • Ian Glass (Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa):
    Comet Plates in the SAAO Archives
  • Elizabeth Griffin (Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, Can):
    Trans-disciplinary re-use of historical stellar spectra
  • Myungshim Im (Seoul National University, Seoul, Kor):
    Early light curve of SN 1604 and constraints on its progenitor star system
  • Sergei Kalabanov (Kazan U, Rus) et al.:
    A new platform for meteor radar observations in Kazan Federal University (Russia)
  • Dagmar L. Neuhäuser, Ralph Neuhäuser (U Jena, Ger), Amir Harrak (U Toronto, Can),
    Markus Mugrauer (U Jena, Ger):
    Celestial signs in the 8th century Syriac Chronicle of Zuqnin – their cultural and scientific relevance
  • Ralph Neuhäuser (U Jena, Ger) et al.:
    Reconstructed sunspot positions in the Maunder Minimum based on the correspondence of Gottfried Kirch
  • Ralph Neuhäuser (U Jena, Ger) et al.:
    Carolingian observations of transient celestial phenomena: Comets, aurorae, sunspots, halos, etc.
  • Graziella Pizzichini (INAF Bologna, Ita):
    Early indications of Gamma-Ray Burst properties
  • Kenji Tanabe (Okayama U. Sci., JPN):
    Age-Depth Relation between the Galactic Supernovae and Antarctic Ice Core Records
  • Nikolaus Vogt (U Valparaiso, Chile), Susanne Hoffmann, Ralph Neuhäuser U Jena, Ger):
    On the expected accuracy of classical nova identifications among historical far-eastern guest star observations
  • Mikhail Vokhmyanin & Nadezhda Zolotova (St. Petersburg U, Rus):
    Centennial cycle of the north-south asymmetry in the solar magnetic field
  • Fayin Wang (Gulou Campus, Nanjing, China):
    Probing ancient High-energy explosions using Radiocarbon in tree rings
  • Hong-Jin Yang (Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon, Kor)
    & Chan-Gyung Park (Chonbuk National U, Jeonju, Kor):
    Climate change and solar activities during the last millennium
  • Nadezhda Zolotova & Mikhail Vokhmyanin (St. Petersburg U, Rus):
    Sunspot observations in the beginning of the seventeenth century

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